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The Pomeranian or German Toy Spitz (Swergspitz)   is one of the oldest breeds in Europe and is well known due to its long coat, intelligence and affable and cheerful character, making it an ideal dog of company It is characterized by being an attentive dog, which makes it ideal as a guard dog and tremendously attached to its owner. It has great resistance to cold climates and is a long-lived breed.

Breed standard according to the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale):

- Height at the withers of 21cm with a tolerance of ± 3cm. The weight should be corresponding to its size.

FCI Standard ​​

Standard according to the AKC (American Kennel Club)

- The average size of the Pomeranian ranges from 3 to 7 pounds (1.5 kg to 3.5 kg), with the ideal weight being between 4 and 6 pounds (1.8 kg to 2.8 kg). Any dog above or below the limit is questionable. However, the overall quality of the dog will be given more importance than the size.

Standard AKC

There are Pomeranians with a size smaller than the European standard, which are called "Mini Toy", "Tea Cup" or "Tiny Toy". They are those that are considered to have a size less than 18cm.


These puppies are born from crosses of two standard-sized Pomeranians, and not because they are smaller they are malnourished dogs, with dwarfism or serious defects, as long as they are born from two completely healthy dogs and a suitable size. 


Although it is true that this type of puppies will be disqualified in the FCI beauty shows.

Let's remember that the standard in the US is different, and with the importation of dogs with American bloodlines, the size of the puppies can be reduced.


- Solids: Orange, red, white, black, black and tan, chocolate, cream, wolf sable, merle.

- Particolores: It is a mantle that is predominantly white along with another solid color.

Change of color in the Pomeranian puppy to adult:

White, black, chocolate, and black and tan Pomeranians do not change color from puppy to adult.

Something different happens with some orange, red and cream Pomeranians. Many puppies are sable (greyish with some orange parts), and that color changes until it becomes a more or less intense orange or red. This Change is usually done with the first change of the Pomeranian.

Colores pomerania.jpg
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